Departmental Division and Functions
1. Animal Health and Clinical Services Division
The Division has responsibility for those statutory functions of the department related to policy formulation relating to the establishment and management of veterinary clinics, rendering of animal health services at the field level in the States with specific emphasis on prevention, control and eradication of animal diseases to ensure healthy national herds and flocks of livestock. It executes some of its functions in collaboration with all the State Governments and the Federal Capital Territory. It has the following Branches:
- Ruminant Disease Prevention and Control: The Branch has responsibilities for the control of Ruminant diseases as well as promotion of bio-safety and biosecurity measures on public and private farms in country.
- Veterinary Clinics: This Branch regulates and coordinates the development and improvement of veterinary clinics as well as liaison with related professional groups and stakeholders.
- Monogastric Disease Prevention and Control: The Branch is responsible for the control of Monogastric diseases as well as promotion of bio-security and bio-safety measures on public and private farms in country.
2. Veterinary Public Health Division
The primary function of Veterinary Public Health Division is to formulate policies and regulations that will ensure adherence to good hygienic animal processing practices (meat, milk, hides and skins etc) and the control of zoonotic diseases in slaughter houses, milking centres and flaying sheds and thus guaranteeing delivery of safe and wholesome animal products to consumers. The thrust is to protect the public from animal diseases which may constitute public health hazards and maintain safe man/livestock interactions. It is to further ensure good hygiene practices in the slaughter houses, milk and skin/hides collection centres in line with international standards. The objectives are achieved through ensuring efficient and effective slaughter houses management by States and Local Governments in collaboration with the Department. The Division is also responsible for the registration, monitoring and overall coordination of slaughter houses, skin collection and flaying centres as well as tanneries nationwide. The Division is divided into the following branches:
- Dairy /Meat Hygiene: The Branch is charged with the slaughter houses inspection and meat hygiene activities as well as the formulation and supervision of national programmes on slaughter houses management and development. The Branch is also charged with inspection of milk collection facilities and milk hygiene inspection activities as well as formulate policies and programmes for the strengthening of milk hygiene at the collection centres at States and LGAs levels.
- Hides and Skins: The monitoring and overall coordination of hides and skins development nationwide. The Branch also develop policy and strategies for the promotion of value addition to hides and skins for export.
- Abattoir by-products: The Branch has responsibility for the promotion and the utilization of abattoir by-products like blood, horns, hooves, bones in local industries as well as value addition to these products for local and international markets.
- Zoonosis: The branch is responsible for the surveillance and control of zoonotic diseases as well as development of one health programmes in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health.
3. Quality Assurance and Standards Division
The division has responsibilities for initiating policy direction on safety guidelines on livestock products (meat, milk and other products of animal origin) in order to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in the trade of food of animal origin, and ensuring the provision of wholesome meat, milk and other animal food products to the public. It will undertake some of these functions in collaboration with other government agencies (SON & NAFDAC). The Division is divided into the following branches:
- Commodity Certification/Trades Measures and Standards Branch: The Branch has responsibilities for the issuance of export and import permits for animals and animal products, veterinary drugs & vaccines as well as veterinary biologics. It is the WTO-SPS Enquiry point for Animal Health
- Animal Welfare & Veterinary Drugs Monitoring Branch: The branch is responsible for animal welfare guidelines and implementation as well as monitoring of drug residues in animal tissues and other foods of animal origin.
- Food Safety & Food Borne diseases Branch: This branch is charged with activities relating to CODEX to ensure Standards for International Trade in Livestock and Animal Products and surveillance of food borne diseases and toxins of animal origin.
- Privatization and Legislations Branch: This branch serves as focal point sanitary mandate and for review of legislations relating to all areas of animal health, products sanitary measures (SPS), veterinary drugs and pesticides use in Nigeria.
4. Epidemiology Division
The Division is responsible for investigating and reporting disease outbreaks. It will undertake studies in disease patterns and distribution nationwide and also has the responsibilities for the surveillance of all animal diseases, establishing early warning early reaction (EWER). It is also responsible for the development of emergency preparedness and contingency plans against major transboundary animal diseases (TADs) especially those of economic importance and zoonoses. In addition, the Division is responsible for the prevention and control of transboundary animal diseases through passive and active sero-surveillance and monitoring of diseases in animal populations. The Division develops and coordinates the implementation of TADs & zoonoses programs in collaboration with neighbouring countries to progressively control and eventual eradicate these diseases which have devastating effects on livestock and human populations. The Division is divided into the following branches:
- Surveillance and Disease reporting: This branch is charged with the development of a viable passive and active surveillance networks including wildlife, laboratory network, geo-spatial unit and organizing risk analysis protocol for major TADs and zoonoses.
- Database and Animal Health information: This branch is responsible for establishing, storing and managing animal health data under the National Animal Health Information System (NADIS). It also develops and distributes extension and promotional materials on animal health. Undertake International disease reporting obligations.
- Risk Analysis and Assessment: The branch deals with the scientific based risk assessment of good veterinary management practices.
- Wildlife & Ecosystem Health and Emerging Diseases: The branch deals with Wildlife, emerging and re-emerging diseases.
5. Transboundary Pest Control Services Division
The Pest Control Services Division was created to handle National Pest Control Policies and tackle problems in Pest Control Services which are transboundary in nature and of such magnitude beyond the capacity of individual farmer and small communities. These migratory pests include Quelea birds, locust, grasshoppers, tsetse flies, Army worms. At the moment, the most destructive is the Quelea bird which are more prevalent in the twelve Northern frontline states and presently also in Kogi Sate.
Structure of the Division:
By the newly created Department of Veterinary and Pest Control Services Organogram, the Division is headed by a Deputy Director and is subdivided into four (4) branches headed by Assistant Directors viz
- Trans-boundary Pest Control: The branch has responsibility for the control of transboundary pests of economic importance especially migratory pests that spread across States and international borders.
- Pesticides Laboratory: This branch has the responsibility to routinely test chemicals purchased for aerial and ground control to ascertain potency and genuineness before being released for use.
- School of Pest Control: This branch has responsibility to train on regular basis, Federal and State Ministries of Agriculture personnel involved in integrated pest control management through organization of refresher courses in pest surveys and control and in proper handling and application of chemicals and pesticides.
- Vector and Parasites Control: This branch will be responsible for ensuring that Vectors and Parasites Control.